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About COVID-19 vaccines

Information about the COVID-19 vaccines available in Australia

About COVID-19 vaccines

The Australian Government is responsible for approving and purchasing COVID-19 vaccines. 

Two vaccines have been approved for use in Australia. You can find out more about these vaccines by visiting the Australian Government Department of Health website.

Development of COVID-19 vaccines and the approval process 

Testing of all vaccines

Vaccines are extensively tested with laboratory research, followed by tests with animals, then clinical trials with thousands of volunteers. 

Although the development process for COVID-19 vaccines has been faster than usual, all required safety testing and approval processes have been followed. 

Learn more about how the development processes have been accelerated to develop COVID-19 vaccines in this video, MVEC animation: The Road to a COVID-19 Vaccine.

Approving vaccines for use in Australia

The Australian Government is responsible for approving and purchasing COVID-19 vaccines. 

Before a COVID-19 vaccine is approved for use in Australia, it must pass the Therapeutic Goods Administration’s (TGA) rigorous assessment and approval processes. This includes assessment of its safety, quality and effectiveness. Both COVID-19 vaccines that have been approved for use in Australia by the TGA have passed these rigour approval processes. 

The TGA is actively monitoring COVID-19 vaccine development in Australia and around the world, and is part of a network of international regulators that monitor the development of COVID-19 vaccines. 

More information about Australia’s vaccine program is available at the  Australian Government Department of Health website.

COVID-19 vaccine approval process

The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is responsible for assessing all COVID-19 vaccines before they can be used in Australia. Both COVID-19 vaccines that have been approved for use in Australia by the TGA have passed these rigour approval processes. 

Read detailed information about the COVID-19 vaccines and the TGA’s approval process.

About the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA)

The TGA is part of the Australian Government Department of Health, and is responsible for regulating therapeutic goods including prescription medicines, vaccines, sunscreens, vitamins and minerals, medical devices, blood and blood products. 

The TGA safeguards and enhances the health of the Australian community through the effective and timely regulation of therapeutic goods. Therapeutic goods, including medicines and vaccines, must be entered in the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG) before they can be used in Australia.

Ingredients of COVID-19 vaccines

More about the ingredients in COVID-19 vaccines is available on the Australian Government Department of Health website.  

Pfizer and AstraZeneca vaccines do not contain

  • Milk  
  • Egg  
  • Latex  
  • Pork or pork product (such as pork gelatine) 

Reviewed 24 February 2021

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